Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Coryphaenoides: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish + Suffix oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range 150 - 3500 m (Ref. 50550), usually 800 - 1200 m (Ref. 56476). Deep-water; 0°C - 4°C (Ref. 56527); 60°N - 33°N, 140°E - 123°W (Ref. 1371)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - 50 cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); common length : 44.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56476); max. published weight: 550.00 g (Ref. 56476); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 56527)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. Snout short, blunt, with a broad spinous scute at its tip, its leading edge and most of its underside naked; suborbital shelf very narrow anteriorly; interopercle broadly rounded posteriorly; chin with very short barbel. Scales rather deciduous; body scales with 3 to 10 low, subparallel rows of spinules; gill and gular membranes and interopercle naked. Pyloric caeca short, 5 to 7. Overall color is grayish brown; fins blackish to dusky; oral and gill cavities blackish.
North Pacific: northern Japan to Sea of Okhotsk, Bering Sea and south to Oregon, USA.
Feeds mainly on pelagic forms (Ref. 1371). Too small for fresh consumption (Ref. 1371).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00173 - 0.00761), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .