Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Jordan, Starks.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 5227). Tropical; 28°N -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592); common length : 30.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592)
Eastern Pacific: California, USA (Ref. 28023) to northern Chile, including the Galapagos Islands.
Found in shallow water and seaweed-covered reefs as well as on open, sandy areas (Ref. 5592). An opportunistic predator, this cryptic fish lies unseen on the reef top waiting for small fishes to pass by (Ref. 5592). Although the flesh is of excellent quality, it is not utilized commercially due to its venomous spines (Ref. 9341).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg, 1997. The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 p. (Ref. 28023)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 28023)
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00626 - 0.02776), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .