Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Oxynotidae
Etymology: Oxynotus: Greek, oxys = sharp + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 45 - 1070 m (Ref. 26346), usually 350 - 650 m (Ref. 6871). Deep-water; 31°S - 55°S, 125°E - 172°W (Ref. 54691)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); 72.0 cm TL (female)
soft rays: 0. Uniform grey-brown coloration; short, blunt snout; high sail-like dorsal fins with spines and broad apices, first dorsal spine inclined backward; high, thick triangular body with large, rough denticles; circular spiracles; lanceolate upper teeth, lower blade-like teeth in less than 12 rows (Ref. 247).
Southwest Pacific: confined to temperate waters off southern Australia and New Zealand.
Found on outer continental and insular shelves and uppermost slopes (Ref. 247). Probably feeds on bottom invertebrates and fishes. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Taken incidentally with bottom trawls but probably not used (Ref. 247).
Ovoviviparous, with 7 young in a litter (Ref. 247). Size at birth about 24 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .