Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Rhinogobius: Greek, rhinos = nose + Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335); biwaensis: Named for its type locality, Lake Biwa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic-neritic, usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 114784). Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114784); 3.3 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 25 - 27. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 26 (rarely 27) vertebrae; 18-22 (mostly 20-21) pectoral fin rays; 31-36 (usually 31-34, mode 32) longitudinal scales; absent or few predorsal scales; D1 low with non-filamentous spines, all almost of the same length except for shorter first and sixth or last spines in both sexes; pelvic disk with thin membranes, its frenum undeveloped with low, thin lamella; no mark on cheek; back and sides of body with 5-6 unclear dark saddles and 6-9 dark blotches; D1 without blotches but melanized to greater or lesser degree along the rays; dorsal edge of pectoral base with a small, dark spot tinged with blue metallic luster; breeding males yellow on suboperculum and branchiostegal region and on basal part of anal fin, blue on medial part of under jaw (Ref. 114784).
Found in the lake mainly at 10-30 m, scarce in the mouths or lowest reaches of inflowing rivers, and in lagoons connected to Lake Biwa. From May to August, this species migrate to shallow water for spawning; all habitats are effectively lentic (Ref. 114784).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Takahashi, S. and T. Okazaki, 2017. Rhinogobius biwaensis, a new gobiid fish of the ‘‘yoshinobori’’ species complex, Rhinogobius spp., endemic to Lake Biwa, Japan Ichthyol. Res. 2017 (Ref. 114784)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00323 - 0.01625), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .