Macrognathus albus  Plamoottil & Abraham, 2014

Spotless spiny eel
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Macrognathus albus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Synbranchiformes (Spiny eels) > Mastacembelidae (Spiny eels)
Etymology: Macrognathus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335);  albus: The specific name is derived from the Latin language meaning ‘white’, in reference to the color of the new fish.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Manimala River in Kerala, India.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97143)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 26 - 30; Dorsal soft rays (total): 62-65; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 56 - 62. Macrognathus albus can be distinguished by the following characters: absence of any bands or bars on body; 26- 29 irregular blotches on mid dorsal line from top of operculum to base of caudal; absence of pre-orbital spine; spinous part of dorsal fin originating considerably behind the end of pectoral fin; head longer and deeper, eyes located closely, body width lesser, pre dorsal and pre anal distances greater (Ref. 97143).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality, Manimala River, is highly sinuous and generally rocky with deep pools at certain locations and sand deposit occurring as sporadic patches or fillings in the pools. It has more or less scanty riparian vegetation. The river has bed materials generally of coarser grade and very low sand content. The width of the river channel ranges from 45-110 m and water depth in the active channel during summer seasons ranges from 0.5 m-3 m. This species occurs together with the following fish species: Anguilla bengalensis, Salmostoma boopis, Danio malabaricus, Barilius bakeri, Gonoproktopterus kurali, Rasbora daniconius, Puntius mahecola, Haludaria fasciatus, Pethia ticto, Dawkinsia filamentosa, Systomus subnasutus, Batasio travancoria, Ompok malabaricus, Clarias dussumieri, Heteropneustes fossilis, Mesonoemacheilus triangularis, Bhavania australis, Xenentodon cancila, Aplocheilus lineatus, Parambassis thomassi, Etroplus maculatus, Etroplus suratensis, Anabas testudineus, Pristolepis malabaricus, Mastacembelus armatus, Macrognathus guentheri, etc. (Ref. 97143).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Plamoottil, M. and N.P. Abraham, 2014. Macrognathus albus (order: Synbranchiformes; family: Mastacembelidae), a new fish species from Kerala, India. Intl. J. Pure Appl. Zool. 2(2):100-105. (Ref. 97143)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .