Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hyphessobrycon: Greek, hyphesson, -on, -on = a little smaller + Greek, bryko = to bite (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: tributaries of the rio Grande (rio São Francisco basin) draining east to the Serra Geral de Goiás, from the rio São Domingos (upper rio Tocantins basin) and rio do Sono basins (middle rio Tocantins basin) in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102657)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Hyphessobrycon diastatos is distinguished from all congeners, with the exception of H. amandae, H. axelrodi, H. brumado, H. compressus, H. diancistrus, H. eilyos,H. georgettae, H. heteresthes, H. gracilior,H. milleri, H. minimus, H. negodagua, H. otrynus, H. parvellus, H. piabinhas, H. procerus, H. saizi,H. scutulatus, H. taurocephalus, and H. tukunai by lacking any concentration of chromatophores at the humeral region (vs. presence of a dark humeral spot or/and a longitudinal dark stripe extending over the humeral region). It differs from H. otrynus, H. piabinhas, and H. procerus by having 15-18 branched rays on anal fin (vs. 19 or more); from H. amandae, H. axelrodi, H. compressus, H. georgettae, H. heteresthes, and H. milleri by the absence of a dark blotch in the dorsal fin (vs. presence); from H. eilyos and H. scutulatus by having 1-3 maxillary teeth (vs. 5 or more); from H. diancistrus by having hyaline caudal-fin lobes (vs. caudal lobes with a black spot); from H. gracilior by having 4-5 longitudinal scale rows below the lateral line (vs. 3); from H. minimus by having the largest dentary teeth with 3-5 cusps (vs. 7); from H. saizi by having 14 horizontal scale rows around caudal peduncle (vs. 12) and 10-12 predorsal scales (vs. 9); from H. taurocephalus by having adipose fin (rarely absent, 1 of 294 specimens) and 15-18 branched rays on anal fin (vs. adipose fin absent and 12-15); and from H. tukunai by having 2-5 teeth in the outer premaxillary teeth row (vs. 1, rarely 2), besides the maxillary teeth with 1-3 cusps (vs. 5 or more). It is distinct from H. brumado, H. negodagua, and H. parvellus by the round and relatively well-defined dark spot on caudal peduncle in males (vs. caudal peduncle blotch with inconspicuous border in males, frequently only represented by dense pigmentation on this region) and also by the absence of white pigmentation on distal portions of first rays of dorsal, anal, and caudal fins in life (vs. presence). It further differs from H. negodagua and H. parvellus by having dark pigmentation of caudal-peduncle spot extending to base of few middle caudal-fin rays or reaching their tip, never on caudal lobes in males (vs. caudal-peduncle pigmentation spread from middle caudal-fin rays to inner portions of caudal-fin lobes in males); from H. brumado and H. parvellus by having pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins hyaline to slightly yellowish in life (vs. distinct orange- to reddish) and sexually dimorphic elongation of dorsal and anal fins in males (vs. absence). It can be further separated from H. brumado by having overall silvery body color in life (vs. orange- to reddish) and from H. negodagua by the absence of dense concentration of dark chromatophores over dorsum and posterior portion of body (vs. presence) and by the presence of adipose fin (rarely absent, 1 of 294 specimens) (vs. usually absent; and 4 of 158 with adipose fin (Ref. 102657).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dagosta, F.C.P., M.M.F. Marinho and P. Camelier, 2014. A new species of Hyphessobrycon Durbin (Characiformes: Characidae) from the middle rio São Francisco and upper and middle rio Tocantins basins, Brazil, with comments on its biogeographic history Neotrop. Icththyol. 12(2):365-375. (Ref. 102657)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00609 - 0.02725), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .