Okamejei ornata  Weigmann, Stehmann & Thiel, 2015

Ornate skate
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Okamejei ornata
Juvenile picture by Weigmann, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: ornata: Name from Latin 'ornatus' meaning ornate, for its dorsal color pattern of dark brown spots encircled with beige pigment and arranged into rosettes.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 390 m (Ref. 101518).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwestern Indian Ocean: upper slope off Socotra Islands, south of Yemen and east of the Horn of Africa.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101518); 50.9 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: disc rhombic to evenly inverse heart-shaped (in adult male), with angled outer corners, its body length to mid-vent shorter than tail length from mid-vent; preorbital snout length 13-15% and distance between first gill slits 15-16% of TL; orbits are large, horizontal diameter 1.1-1.4 times interorbital width; young specimens with 1-3 rows of tail thorns, adults 3-5; more than two interdorsal and nuchal thorns; dorsally, it is largely smooth, but snout tip prickly; with growth, dermal denticles also on anterior margins of disc and inner posterior pectorals, as well as ventrally on snout and anterior margins of disc; ventral snout tip blackish, especially in young specimens; dorsal ground color ocher, anterior snout dusky; its dorsal pattern on disc and pelvic fins consisting of variable dark brown spots encircled with beige pigment and arranged into rosettes; ventral pores are few, tiny, and blackish; long interdorsal and postdorsal tail sections, with high posterior part of epichordal caudal lobe and light edged low ventral keel; 37-42 upper tooth, relatively few pectoral fin radials (71-75); clasper without external pseudosiphon and funnel; inner dorsal lobe with components slit, terminal bridge, and 2 clefts; inner ventral lobe with components shield, dike, rhipidion, sentinel, spike, and two sentinas; terminal clasper skeleton with 3 dorsal terminal, 1 ventral terminal, and 2 accessory terminal cartilages; unlike its congener, its ventral terminal is atypically broad distally, the accessory terminal 1 is only slightly Y-shaped, and the dorsal terminal 2 and the terminal bridge are fused; anterior cranial fontanel with clear-cut contour all around and extending about one fifth into rostral shaft length; subrectangular scapulocoracoid, with rear corner sharply marked; large oval anterior fenestra without anterior bridge, one large oval postdorsal and one lower, moderately large oval postventral fenestra; its pelvic girdle with massive ischiopubic bar with weakly convex anterior contour, posterior contour slightly concave in females and juvenile males but deeply concave in semi adult and adult males; prepelvic processes are moderately long, solid, conical, and straight, their length 2.4-2.9 times median thickness of ischiopubic bar (Ref. 101518).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Weigmann, S., M.F.W. Stehmann and R. Thiel, 2015. Okamejei ornata n. sp., a new deep-water skate (Elasmobranchii, Rajidae) from the northwestern Indian Ocean off Socotra Islands. Deep-Sea Res. 115:18-29. (Ref. 101518)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .