Hypostomus khimaera  Tencatt, Zawadzki & Froehlich, 2014

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Hypostomus khimaera
Hypostomus khimaera
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  khimaera: Derived from the Greek, cimaira or khímaira, a mythological creature with hybrid body, formed essentially by three animals, a lion, a snake and a goat. The specific name khimaera makes an allusion due to the new species possess features of conspicuously distinct species. A noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Paraguay basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97225)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal soft rays: 5. Hypostomus khimaera can be diagnosed from all congeners, except those belonging to the H. cochliodon group, by having the following unique combination of characters: absence of notch between metapterygoid and hyomandibula (vs. presence of notch); and strongly angled dentaries, less than 80° (vs. shallow angle between dentaries, generally more than 80°). It differs from all members of the H. cochliodon group, except from H. basilisko and H. soniae, by the presence of a dark tan stripe along the flank (vs. absence). It can be distinguished from H. basilisko and H. soniae by having black spots on the body and fins or at least in one of these (vs. absence of spots). In addition, it can be further separated from H. basilisko by having moderately developed keels (vs. highly developed keels) and 28 vertebrae (vs. 27); and from H. cochliodon by having 12-27 teeth (vs. 7-9), externalized opercle, exposed region easily visible (vs. almost entire internalized opercle, exposed region not easily visible; and 28 vertebrae (vs. 29) (Ref. 97225).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Syntopic with Hypostomus cochliodon in several localities of rio Paraguay basin. Commonly found in small streams than in larger streams. Generally collected along the margins of deeper sites with sandy bottoms in the rio Aquidauana basin streams (Ref. 97225).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Tencatt, L.F.C., C.H. Zawadzki and O. Froehlich, 2014. Two new species of the Hypostomus cochliodon group (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the rio Paraguay basin, with a redescription of Hypostomus cochliodon Kner, 1854. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(3):585-602. (Ref. 97225)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00639 - 0.03584), b=2.94 (2.75 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .