Hymenocephalus maculicaudus  McMillan & Iwamoto, 2014

Spottytail membranehead
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Hymenocephalus maculicaudus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825);  maculicaudus: Name from Latin 'maculis' meaning spot and 'cauda' for tail; referring to the distinctive line of melanophores along the mid-lateral line anteriorly on the tail.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Deep-water; 33°S - 38°S (Ref. 97189)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Tasman Sea including southern Lord Howe Rise, southern Norfolk Ridge, and northern New Zealand.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97189)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: pelvic fin rays 8 (rarely 7 or 9), gill rakers on first arch (outer/inner) 10-16/16-20; chin barbel length 7-16 % HL; orbit diameter 33-48 % HL; snout length 20-28 % HL; orbit to preopercular length 34-45 % HL; scattered melanophores ventrally on trunk and distinctive mid-lateral line of melanophores on tail that extends about a head length posterior to anal fin origin (Ref. 97189).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

McMillan, P. and T. Iwamoto, 2014. Descriptions of four species of grenadier fishes of the genera Hymenocephalus and Hymenogadus (Teleostei, Gadiformes, Macrouridae) from the New Zealand region and Tasman Sea, including two new species of Hymenocephalus. Zootaxa 3856:117-134.. (Ref. 97189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Ecology
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Morphometrics
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .