Hymenocephalus fuscus  McMillan & Iwamoto, 2014

Black membranehead
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Hymenocephalus fuscus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825);  fuscus: Name from Latin 'fuscus' meaning swarthy, referring to the overall dark colouration.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 549 - 1202 m (Ref. 97189).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Wanganella Bank, West Norfolk Ridge, off northeast and north coasts of North Island, and northwest Challenger Plateau.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97189)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: pelvic fin rays 11-12; gill rakers first arch (outer/inner) 12-15/16-19; no or minute barbel; orbit diameter 20-33 % HL; body depth 70-85 % HL; suborbital width 23-28 % HL; snout length 25-33 % HL; upper jaw length 38-48 % H; colour of head and trunk of fresh specimens blackish, tail brownish peppered with melanophores; large, oval, deciduous scales on body and tail (Ref. 97189).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

McMillan, P. and T. Iwamoto, 2014. Descriptions of four species of grenadier fishes of the genera Hymenocephalus and Hymenogadus (Teleostei, Gadiformes, Macrouridae) from the New Zealand region and Tasman Sea, including two new species of Hymenocephalus. Zootaxa 3856:117-134.. (Ref. 97189)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .