Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Ituglanis: Greek, itys, ityos = circle + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); agreste: The name agreste is from the Latin agrestis, meaning relative to land, field, wild, or rustic. This refers to eastern Brazil, encompassing the area between the Rio Grande do Norte State to the middle section of rio de Contas basin in Bahia State, that marks the transition between two distinct biomes, the Atlantic Forest and the semi-arid Caatinga, where the new species was discovered. A noun in apposition.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 94155). Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Rio Gongogi drainage, rio de Contas basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94155)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 11;
Vertebrae: 36. This species is diagnosed from all congeners, except Ituglanis paraguassuensis, by the following characters: 36 vertebrae (vs. 38 or more in all other Ituglanis, except in I. paraguassuensis, I. nebulosus, I. bambui, I. epikarsticus, I. ramiroi, and I. passensis;
unknown for I. guayaberensis); 5-6 ribs (vs. 2 or 3 in I. amazonicus, I. eichorniarum, I. gracilior, I. ina, I. macunaima, I. nebulosus, and I. parkoi ; 4 in I. laticeps and I. cahyensis; 7 in I. passensis); i,6 pectoral-fin rays (vs. i,4 in I. cahyensis, I. macunaima, and I. parahybae ; i,5 in I. amazonicus, I. eichorniarum, I. metae, and I. nebulosus; i,7 in I. bambui, I. epikarsticus, I. mambai, I. passensis; iii,5 in I. guayaberensis; i,8 in I. ramiroi); and irregular brown blotches covering the skin (vs. distinct color pattern in all other Ituglanis; absence in I. ina and the subterranean species, I. bambui, I. passensis, I. epikarsticus, and I. ramiroi). Ituglanis agreste is also easily distinguished from the subterranean species by its large eyes (vs. minute eyes) and intense pigmentation (vs. pigmentation absent or almost lack); and from its geographically closest species I. paraguassuensis by having 26-30 odontodes in an elongate interopercle patch (vs. reduced with 14-15 odontodes); seven branchiostegal rays (vs. 8) and pore s1 lacking (vs. s1 present) (Ref. 94155).
Occurs in a mid-small size river with width up to 8 m, in a moderate slope with clear and cold water, with transparency of about 2 m. The river is characterized by mainly turbulent water flow , with alternating areas of currents and pools, though a predominance of moderate to strong drifts. The substrate is composed of rocks and sand. Collected together with Astyanax bimaculatus (Linnaeus), Callichthys callichthys (Linnaeus), Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard), Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard) and Poecilia reticulata Peters (Ref. 94155).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, S.M.Q., C.P. Neves and R.M. Campos-Paiva, 2013. Ituglanis agreste, a new catfish from the rio de Contas basin, northeastern Brazil (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(3):513-524. (Ref. 94155)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .