Trematochromis benthicola  (Matthes, 1962)

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Trematochromis benthicola
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Trematochromis: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, chromis, = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.4 - 8.4; dH range: 7 - 30.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614); 3°S - 6°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: northern part of Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 4983).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4983)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8. Body deep and moderately compressed (Ref. 57075). Presence of a thick sensory canal on the six infraorbitals, with large openings that are widely separated from each other (Ref. 57075). Unicuspid outer and inner teeth on both jaws; outer teeth arranged in a single regular row; inner teeth smaller than outer teeth, arranged in three to six irregular rows on anterior part of upper jaw (Ref. 57075). Presence of 2 scale rows between upper and lower lateral lines (Ref. 57075). Scales ctenoid on flank; cheek scaled; dorsal and anal fins with scales at base; caudal fin with small scales anteriorly on fin membranes between rays; paired fins without scales (Ref. 57075). Upper lateral line high on body with 21-25 scales, lower lateral line running along body axis with 11-16 scales, two pored scales anteriorly on caudal fin (Ref. 57075).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The mouth is very protrusable which favor the idea of a planktonic diet (Ref. 7343).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooding by females.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

van Oijen, M.J.P., J. Snoeks, P.H. Skelton, C. Maréchal and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Haplochromis. p. 100-184. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4983)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00709 - 0.03231), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .