Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Iguaçu in Paraná State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91066)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6. Distinguished from members of Hypostomus cochliodon group, except H.
hemicochliodon, by having bifid non spoon-shaped teeth and with the lateral cups not fused to the mesial one (vs. spoon-shaped teeth with lateral cups usually fused to the mesial one). Differs from other congeners by the combination of the following characters: dark spots over body and fins; absence of keels on pterotic-supracleitrhum, pre-dorsal plates and on lateral series of plates; deeper body and a pair of parallel moderate keels on predorsal plates; . abdomen completely plated; presence of small-sized and close-settled dark spots (equal to smaller than eye pupil) on dorsal region of head, trunk, and fins; and presence of three pre-dorsal plates bordering supraoccipital (Ref. 91066).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Garavello, J.C., H.A. Britski and C.H. Zawadzki, 2012. The cascudos of the genus Hypostomus Lacépède (Ostariophysi: Loricariidae) from the rio Iguaçu basin. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(2):263-283. (Ref. 91066)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00444 - 0.02468), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .