Kyphosus gladius  Knudsen & Clements, 2013

Gladius sea chub
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Kyphosus gladius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Kyphosus gladius
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae (Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335);  gladius: Named for its body shape, resembling the roman gladius sword (widest towards the point and tapers towards the hilt) with the relatively elongate body and shallow caudal peduncle, along with the metallic-bluish colouration.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 92523).   Subtropical; 28°S - 35°S, 113°E - 118°E (Ref. 92523)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Western Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92523)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 - 12; Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished from its congeners from the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean by the following set of characters: body elliptical and elongate in lateral view and compressed; D X-XI,11-12; A III,11-12, anal fin base short 16.9-20.6% SL; total gill rakers externally 15-19, gill rakers on upper limb externally 3-5, gill rakers on lower limb externally 11-15; long caudal peduncle 18.7-26.5%SL (depth 9.9-11.8% SL); total lateral line 55-64, pored scales 44-55, scale rows in longitudinal row 49-57; precaudal- and caudal vertebrae 10+16; pterygiophores, dorsal 21, anal 12; mouth terminal; silvery line under eye, colour silvery to bluish metallic; operculum with a vertical green bar running down rear of preoperculum; dorsal part of body without dark counter-shading; sixth dorsal fin spine length, 8.7-11.9 % SL; body depth, 33.3-41.6 % SL (Ref. 92523).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum length of individuals observed from the wild may be in excess of 52 cm SL (Ref. 92523).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Knudsen, S.W. and K.D. Clements, 2013. Revision of the fish family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1):001-101. (Ref. 95491)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .