Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Gnatholepis: Greek, gnathos = jaw + Greek,lepis = scale (Ref. 45335); knighti: Named for Knight Starr Jordan, the son of David Starr Jordan (Ref. 54834). More on author: Jordan, Evermann.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 92171). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Central Pacific: Known only from the Hawaiian island chain.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92171); 6.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 7 - 8;
soft rays: 10 - 11. This large stocky Gnatholepis species (up to 64 mm SL) is distinguished by the following characters: cycloid scales on predorsal region, cheek and pectoral fin base; a distinct flap present at end of lower lip; 3 or more dark spots along first spine of first and second dorsal fins, followed by at least 3 rows of dark spots or short streaks; pectoral fin plain translucent to pale brownish; transverse black line crossing upper part of eye usually split in 2; anal fin plain dusky, often with one to several blackish rounded to oval spots posteriorly, or with dark streaks following membrane; D2 and A nearly always I,11; pectoral rays 15-17 (usually 16); lateral scales 25-29 (usually 27); predorsal scales 7-10 (usually 8-9) (Ref. 92171).
Most specimens have been collected from shallow habitats, tide pools or 'brackish pools', at depths of 0-5 m, from sand and mangrove areas (Ref. 92171).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Larson, H.K. and D.J. Buckle, 2012. A revision of the goby genus Gnatholepis Bleeker (Teleostei, Gobiidae, Gobionellinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3529:1-69. (Ref. 92171)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00392 - 0.01936), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .