Parapercis rubromaculata  Ho, Chang & Shao, 2012

Redspot sandperch
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Parapercis rubromaculata
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  rubromaculata: Name from Latin ruber for red, and maculate for spot, referring to the characteristic red spots on the caudal fin of this species when fresh (Ref. 89549).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 80 m (Ref. 89549).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific: Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89549)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17. This species is distinguished by the following characters: caudal fin with many irregular red spots; dorsal body surface with 5 reddish-brown blotches; midline of lateral body with 5 reddish patches, each connected to an overlying dorsal blotches; below the eye, crossing the cheek, is a diagonal reddish-yellow bar; below midline of lateral body is a series of irregular yellowish patches; dorsal fin with medial row of yellowish spots and a row of reddish spots on base of soft rays; anal fin yellowish with a whitish base and some irregular pinkish lines; eye yellowish with two horizontal bar, one above and other below iris; D V,21, 4th dorsal spine longest; A I,17; pectoral-fin rays 17; pored lateral-line scales 52-53; gill rakers on 1st gill arch 13-14; pseudobranches 15-17; anterior in lower jaw are 3 pairs of canine teeth; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth stout, in a single curved row; cycloid scales on cheek and in predorsal, prepectoral and prepelvic areas; margin of preopercle smoothly indented; ventral half of caudal fin slightly rounded, dorsal half truncate with a prolongation on upper corner; appressed pelvic fin extends well beyond anus (Ref. 89549).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Ho, H.-C., C.-H. Chang and K.-T. Shao, 2012. Two new sandperches (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae: Parapercis) from South China Sea, based on morphology and DNA barcoding. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60(1):163-172. (Ref. 89549)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .