Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Austrolebias: Composed from Austro = the south + see under Lebias; quirogai: Named for Horacio Quiroga, an Uruguayan writer from the early 20th century, whose tales and fables based on his life in the Misiones rainforest inspired the authors to explore nature and its mysteries. Specific epithet is used as a patronym.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical, preferred ?
South America: temporary ponds from the middle to the upper and eastern río Negro tributaries (río Uruguay basin), and río Yaguarón (Laguna Merín basin) in Uruguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87318)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 28 - 31. Diagnosed from all its congeners by having a unique pigmentation pattern of body and fins in males consisting of a uniform bluish gray background color on the body that lacks vertical bands, and uniform pigmentation of unpaired fins. Can also be distinguished by the combination of characters associated with reduced squamation in the abdominal, preopercular, and opercular regions. The reduction in the number of scales in the abdomen occurs in three alternative states: completely naked abdomen, only a ventral row of small scales, or just area below pectoral fin without scales (vs. scales always absent in anterior part of the abdomen as in Austrolebias gymnoventris); preopercular region is either completely naked or only has a few scales present in its center (vs. preopercular region always naked as in Austrolebias gymnoventris); and the opercular region is from completely naked to only distal edge naked (vs. only opercular distal edge naked as in Austrolebias gymnoventris). However, in extremely large males (SL > 40 mm) and females (SL > 34 mm), which represent less than 7% of individuals analyzed, scales almost completely cover the preopercular, opercular, and abdominal regions (Ref. 87318).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Loureiro, M., A. Duarte and M. Zarucki, 2011. A new species of Austrolebias Costa (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from northeastern Uruguay, with comments on distribution patterns. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(2):335-342. (Ref. 87318)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00145 - 0.00867), b=3.16 (2.94 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .