Centrophorus moluccensis  Bleeker, 1860

Smallfin gulper shark
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Centrophorus moluccensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Centrophorus moluccensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bleeker.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 125 - 823 m (Ref. 247).   Deep-water; 32°N - 40°S, 34°E - 171°E (Ref. 54313)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and off Natal, South Africa (Ref. 5578); India (Ref. 31367). Western Pacific: Japan (Okinawa), Indonesia (Ambon), Philippines (Ref. 31367), Australia, New Hebrides, and New Caledonia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 80 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871); max. published weight: 2.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. A small, slender gulper shark with a long, narrow snout, a short-based 1st dorsal fin and a very small 2nd dorsal fin; pectoral rear tips elongated; denticles small and flat (Ref. 5578). Grayish brown dorsally, paler ventrally; fin of juveniles dark, with pale edges (Ref. 6577).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes, on or near the bottom (Ref. 247). Feeds on bony fish, as well as other dogfish sharks, squid, octopus, shrimp, and tunicates (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized as fishmeal (Ref. 31367), for its meat, fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value) (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 2 per litter; size at birth about 31 to 37 cm (Ref. 247); born at 35 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5003   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.