Alionematichthys crassiceps  Møller & Schwarzhans, 2008

Bighead viviparous brotula
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Alionematichthys crassiceps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Alionematichthys crassiceps (Bighead viviparous brotula)
Alionematichthys crassiceps
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Alionematichthys: Name from Latin alius meaning the other or different, and nematichthys, the stem of the genus name Dinematichthys, to which this genus is most similar.;  crassiceps: Named for the characteristic big head (Latin crassus for thick and the adjective ending derived from caput or head; noun in apposition..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia (Ref. 88966). Western Pacific: along oceanic islands, from Micronesia (Palau, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kapingamarangi Atoll), Hermit I., and the Kiriwina (Trobriand) Is., New Guinea, Vanuatu, Fiji to Tonga. Probable records from Taiwan (NW Pacific).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81230)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 72-81; Anal soft rays: 57 - 64; Vertebrae: 41 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: ; D 72-81; A 57-64; small eyes (1.3-2.5%SL); blunt snout, no cirri; cheeks with scales and 3-10 scales above opercular spine; with upper preopercular pore; outer pseudoclasper broad-based, simple flap like, while the inner one with free, forward-pointing anterior lobe and broad posterior lobe; otolith length to height 1.9-2.0, with rounded dorsal rim; otolith length to sulcus length 1.7-1.8, very short caudal, ostium length to cauda length 4.5-5.0 (Ref. 81230).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Cryptic, solitary inhabitant of shallow water, usually in rocky crevices (Ref. 90102). A 5.6 cm SL gravid female (USNM 394976) with 95 embryos, 0.41 cm TL in length, and approximately 50 orange eggs, 0.06 cm in diameter (Ref. 81230).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Møller, P.R. and W. Schwarzhans, 2008. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific, Part IV. Dinematichthys and two new genera with descriptions of nine new species. The Beagle 24:87-146. (Ref. 81230)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .