Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335); silimoni: Named for Keve Z. de S. de Silimon, who collected the type series of the new species and in recognition for his long and continuous efforts in documenting the ichthyofauna from Mato Grosso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: upper Rio Juruena, a tributary of the Rio Tapajós in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78749)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11. The lower portion of the dorsal caudal-fin lobe with conspicuous ocellated caudal-fin blotch which is an autapomorphy which separates the new species from all congeners, and in fact from all remaining Characidae. The other members of Hemigrammus differ by having black pigmentation on the caudal fin either confined to the caudal-fin base (e.g., species belonging to the Hemigrammus ocellifer and Hemigrammus tridens groups, sensu), or as a discrete terminal bar (Hemigrammus marginatus), or finally as symmetrically-arranged black spots on the dorsal and ventral caudal-fin lobes (Hemigrammus bleheri and Hemigrammus rhodostomus) (Ref. 78749).
The type locality is about 50 m wide and 1.7 to 2.0 m deep, with swift-running, crystal-clear waters and with bottom comprising of sand and rocks. Reported to occur in areas of slack current near the river bank. Gut contents include algae and other vegetal matter (Ref. 78749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Britski, H.A. and F.C.T. Lima, 2008. A new species of Hemigrammus from the Upper Rio Tapajós Basin in Brazil (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae). Copeia 2008(3):565-569. (Ref. 78749)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00609 - 0.02725), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .