Ungusurculus sundaensis  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

Sunda viviparous brotula
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Ungusurculus sundaensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ungusurculus sundaensis (Sunda viviparous brotula)
Ungusurculus sundaensis
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Ungusurculus: Name from Latin words 'ungulus' (= claw) and 'surculus' (= grapevine tendril), refers to the functional analogy with the pseudoclaspers and the specific shape of the inner pseudoclasper.;  sundaensis: Named for the Sunda Archipelago of Indonesia,.   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 79-86; Anal soft rays: 60 - 64; Vertebrae: 42 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 79-86, A 60-64, D/A 26, V in D 2.2-2.3; vertebrae 12+30-31=42-43; anterior nostril located 1/4 distance from upper lip to aggregate distance to anterior margin of eye; free pseudoclaspers 2 pairs, the outer pseudoclasper is wing-shaped with broad base and distally widened supporter with anterior hook, prominent knob on inner face of outer pseudoclasper fitting into opening of inner pseudoclasper, the inner one is long, very massive, stalked with narrow base, distally with claw-like, outwardly directed strong spines, inner and outer pseudoclasper matching together in lock/key mode; cheeks with 6 scale rows on upper part and 4 rows on lower part; no upper preopercular pore; otolith elongate, its length to height is 2.3-2.4, with pointed anterior and posterior tips, symmetrical pre- and postdorsal angles, the section in between straight, short sulcus with fused colliculi, its centre anterior of centre of otolith, inclined about 5°, otolith length to sulcus length is 2.4-2.5 (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Cryptic and solitary, inhabits reef crevices in about 0-8 m (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .