Alburnus attalus  Özulu? & Freyhof, 2007

Bak?r shemaya
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Alburnus attalus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335);  attalus: Named after Attalus I (269 BC-197 BC), the first king of the Attalid dynasty who ruled Pergamon, a Hellenistic polis in today Turkey, from 241-197 BC..   More on author: Freyhof.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: River Bakir drainage in Turkey.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78144)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Differs from other species of shemayas in Europe and Asian Black Sea basin by the combination of the following characters: origin of anal fin ½ scale behind dorsal-fin base, below dorsal-fin ray 7-8 individuals larger than 9 cm SL; anal fin with 12-14½ branched rays; gill rakers 23-31; lateral line scales 52-59 + 3; ventral keel exposed for 10-12 scales in front of anus; head length 24-25% SL, 0.9-1.0 times in body depth at dorsal-fin origin; predorsal length 54-57% SL; caudal peduncle depth 9-10% SL, 2.0-2.4 times in its length; caudal peduncle length 20-22% SL; eye diameter 6.3-7.9% SL, 1.0-1.3 times in interorbital distance; body depth at dorsal-fin origin 21-25% SL; faint, dark lateral stripe on body (Ref. 78144).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Özulu?, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Rediagnosis of four species of Alburnus from Turkey and description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(3):233-246. (Ref. 78144)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00372 - 0.01775), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .