Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335); barlowi: Named for George W. Barlow, for his substantial contribution on cichlid fish biology.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.8 - ?. Tropical; 29°C - ?
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75695)
(total): 14 - 16;
soft rays: 5 - 8. Distinguished from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: over-proportionally large head and mouth with massive jaws and hypertrophic lips in adult males, 3 infraorbital pores; a lyrate caudal fin in adult males with immaculate lemon-yellow lower lobe and vertical rows of spots in its upper bluish hyaline lobe, truncate and immaculate in females; extended first membranes of the dorsal fin, a distinct breast band in basal part of vertical bar 2 and posterior lateral spot in female; and absence of caudal peduncle spot (Ref. 75695).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: known only from around the Tierra típica northwest of Pebas, Peru.
Appears to be restricted to forest streams, with a preference for fast-flowing, cooler, and crystal-clear, acid to neutral water (Ref. 75695). A reddish morph of this species was collected in a small clearwater igarapé, about 1 meter wide and approximately 30 cm deep, with fine white sandy bottom, no submerged vegetation, rocks or pebbles, a pH of 4.8 at a temperature close to 29°C (Ref. 75695).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Römer, U. and I. Hahn, 2008. Apistogramma barlowi sp. N.: description of a new faculative mouth-breeding cichlid species (Teleostei: Perciformes: Geophaginae) from Northern Peru. Vertebrate Zoology 58(1):49-66. (Ref. 75695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.00848 - 0.05907), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .