Hisonotus chromodontus  Britski & Garavello, 2007

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Hisonotus chromodontus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hisonotus: Greek, isos = equal + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335);  chromodontus: From the Greek chroma (color), and odontos (tooth), in reference to the reddish-brown tip of teeth of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Upper Rio Tapajós drainage in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75061)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal soft rays: 6. Diagnosed from its congeners by having reddish-brown tipped teeth. Can be differentiated also by the following combination of characters: 20-40 teeth on premaxillary and 15-38 on the dentary bones; 23-24 plates in longitudinal series; lateral line almost complete, represented by 19-22 perforated +1 or 2 non-perforated plates; dorsal surface of pectoral spine with about five longitudinal series of odontodes; abdomen in adults (about 2.30 cm SL) entirely covered with large plates, two to four in lateral series between the tip of the cleithrum and pelvic-fin base; a large dark brown lateral stripe extending from tip of snout, through inferior orbit, to end of caudal peduncle; transverse dark bars very inconspicuous or absent (Ref. 75061).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in flat areas in creeks of headwaters of Rio Tapajós in places of shallow clear waters with low current and sandy substrate. The holotype of this species was encountered in a creek severely altered by human activities; alongside a trail with very shallow water, the margin deprived of vegetation at the opposite side of swampy area, where vegetation was mainly represented by Tipha and Grammineae (Ref. 75061).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Britski, H.A. and J.C. Garavello, 2007. Description of two new sympatric species of the genus Hisonotus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, 1889, from upper Rio Tapajós, Mato Grosso state, Brazil (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Loricariidae). Brazilian Journal of Biology 67(3):413-420. (Ref. 75061)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00228 - 0.01325), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .