Bathyraja mariposa  Stevenson, Orr, Hoff & McEachran, 2004

Butterfly skate
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Bathyraja mariposa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Bathyraja mariposa
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae (Skates)
Etymology: Bathyraja: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, raja, -ae = a ray (Raja sp) (Ref. 45335);  mariposa: Name from a Spanish word meaning butterfly, referring to the large yellow patches on the pectoral fins that looks like the shape of butterfly wings.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 90 - 448 m (Ref. 55500).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Pacific: Aleutian Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55500)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is a medium-sized skate (maximum 76 cm TL) with a broad disc (width 60.9, 69.2% TL), long snout (12.0-14.3% TL), and moderately long tail (50.7-55.0% TL). It is distinguished by the following characters: claspers are slender, without pseudosiphon, projection extending distally well beyond dorsal lobe, dorsal terminal 1 and ventral terminal cartilages are reduced; teeth on upper jaw 21-31 rows; pectoral radials 76-80; pelvic fins I, 21-24; precaudal vertebrae 31-34, predorsal caudal vertebrae 65-72; dorsal surface of disc with uniformly dense covering of fine denticles, except near the margins; thorns absent from disc, tail thorns weak or obsolete; dorsal surface greenish brown with small dark brown or black blotches and irregular light brown to yellow blotches on disc and tail, large yellowish blotch present on posteromedial surface of each pectoral fin (Ref. 55500).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Stevenson, D.E., J.W. Orr, G.R. Hoff and J.D. McEachran, 2004. Bathyraja mariposa: a new species of skate (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) from the Aleutian Islands. Copeia 2004(2):305-314. (Ref. 55500)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00243 - 0.00986), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .