Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Gymnocharacinae
Etymology: Grundulus: German, gründel = bottom, ; a mud fish = "John A. Grindle", or lawyer (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished by having 3 unbranched rays in the anal fin; 1unbranched ray in the pectoral fin; 12-14 dentary teeth; a second infraorbital about three times larger than the first; a third infraorbital which is not in contact with the preopercle; four small fenestrae in the infero-lateral bone dentary; a premaxilla which presents a long lateral process; a maxilla with two notches in the infero-lateral surface (Ref. 56944).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Román-Valencia, C., R.I. Ruiz-C. and R. Barriga, 2005. A new Ecuadorian species of the Andean fish genus Grundulus (Characiformes: Characidae). Rev. Biol. Trop. 53(3-4):537-544. (Ref. 56944)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .