Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); sculpodon: From the Latin sculpo (to carve, cut, grave, or chisel in stone, brass, or wood) and from the Greek odon (tooth) in reference to the ability of the species to chisel wood with the teeth.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Upper Rio Negro and upper Rio Orinoco basins in Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95498)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all other members of the Hypostomus cochliodon group except H. hemicochliodon by having a buccal papilla and intermediately developed teeth (juveniles of H. cochliodon and H. taphorni occasionally also have intermediate teeth). Differs from H. hemicochliodon by having brownish-red coloration with widely spaced spots vs. dark brown with closely spaced spots, by having a smaller dorsal-anal length to anal-fin length ratio (average=79.2%, 69.6-89.7% vs. average=111.1%, 92.5-132.6%) and almost completely by having a smaller interorbital width/HL ratio (average=51.4%, 38.5-45.4% vs. average=49.9%, 44.1-55.6%) (Ref. 50589).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Armbruster, J.W., 2003. The species of the Hypostomus cochliodon group (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Zootaxa 249:1-60. (Ref. 50589)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00663 - 0.03457), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .