Parapercis australis  Randall, 2003

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Parapercis australis
Picture by Bailly, N.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  australis: Named for its southern distribution, south of 14° south latitude..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 82 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Queensland, Australia (Ref. 54621) and Tonga (Ref. 53797).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57562)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-21; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17. D V,20-21 (rarely 20); A I,17; 14-16 (rarely 14 or 16) pectoral rays; 48-59 lateral-line scales; 3-4 + 6-8 gill rakers; 5-6 predorsal scales; ctenoid scales on cheek; front of lower jaw with 10 canine teeth; vomerine teeth in a broad chevron pattern; with palatine teeth; upper edge of subopercle with a prominent sharp spine; posterior edge of preopercle sometimes slightly irregular or partially finally serrate; body depth 4.35-4.9 in SL (20.5-23.0% SL); middle dorsal spine longest, 9.5-10.6% SL; membrane from last dorsal spine joined to base of first soft ray; slightly rounded caudal fin, 22.9-24.0% SL; color pattern essentially similar to Parapercis cylindrica except that the caudal fin is not yellow (Ref. 57562).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Type specimen collected from a depth of 3 m (Ref. 53797).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2003. Review of the sandperches of the Parapercis cylindrica complex (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae), with description of two new species from the western Pacific. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers (72):1-19. (Ref. 57562)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .