Barbus balcanicus  Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi, 2002

Danube barbel
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Barbus balcanicus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin: Soca drainage (Italy, Slovenia). Danube drainage: upper Save, Archar, Krupaja, Vlasinsko and Nera systems, possibly more widespread in upper Danube drainage. Aegean basin: Gallikos, Vardar, Loudias and Aliakmon drainages (Greece, Macedonia).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Differs from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Danube drainage, Adriatic basin and Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: last simple ray weak, not serrated posteriorly; lower lip thick with a short median lobe; 49-57 + 3-4 scales on lateral line; usually 9-12 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal origin; 8-10 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin; top of head with conspicuous black dots or spots, about size of pupil; cheek and opercle with dark dots; paired fins with dark spots, at least dark pigments on rays forming 1-2 dark bars; body with dark dots and blotches much darker than background; caudal with elongate spots longer than pupil diameter; simple pelvic ray distinctly shorter than second branched ray. Some populations from the Gallikos, Aliakmon and lower Vardar which possibly represent introgression with Barbus strumicae or a different species possess a longer dorsal with slightly concave margin, last simple dorsal ray granulous posteriorly along part of its length, a longer anal, and pointed caudal lobes. Molecular characters are mainly used to diagnose this species and separating this species from Barbus carpathicus Barbus petenyi in the field would be difficult (Ref. 59043)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit fast to moderate-flowing premontane and montane streams and small rivers with gravel bottom. Found most abundantly in rapids and riffles during the day. Spawn in riffles. Attain up to about 17.5 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00349 - 0.01505), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .