Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); proserpina: Cyprinella meaning small carp, and proserpina, latinized form of Persephone (queen of the infernal regions, possibly in reference to the type locality of the Devils River) (Ref. 79012).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 31°N - 30°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 4.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
North America: Devils River, lower Pecos River and nearby tributaries of Rio Grande in Texas, USA. Also found in Rio San Carlo (Rio Grande drainage), Coahuila, Mexico.
Found in rocky runs and pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). Benthic invertivore. Feeds on dipterans, lepidopterans, trichopterans, ephemeropterans, and coleoterans (Ref. 79012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00286 - 0.01212), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .