Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Ventrifossa: Latin, venter, ventris = belly + Latin, fosa = pit (Ref. 45335); vinolenta: From the Latin vinolentus, drunk on wine, but also meaning wine-colored, in reference to the overall tint of the trunk and tail of the fish and of the nose of the second author.. More on author: Iwamoto.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 745 - 825 m (Ref. 35908). Deep-water
Western Central Pacific: known only from the Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau west of New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35908)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Pelvic rays rarely 9; snout relatively long and pointed, 27-32 % HL; preoral 19-25% HL, orbit diameter 32-36%; length upper jaw 37-38%; inner gill rakers first arch 12-14; dorsolateral dark streak extending from parietal region to end of tail; dorsum above dark streak distinctly pale; leading edge of snout with black margin, extending posteriorly over supranarial ridges and dorsal rim of orbits; no median snout streak; base of first dorsal pale, but rays proximally black, distally fading to pale; lips blackish, ascending process of premaxillary black; mouth mostly black but with pale areas; small species, probably less than 30 cm TL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and N.R. Merrett, 1997. Pisces Gadiformes: Taxonomy of grenadiers of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific. Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (176):473-570. (Ref. 35908)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5 - 6.7, mean 5.5 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .