Anampses melanurus  Bleeker, 1857

White-spotted wrasse
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Anampses melanurus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anampses melanurus (White-spotted wrasse)
Anampses melanurus
Female picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 40 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 18°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Indonesia to the Marquesas and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Scott Reef. Range extends to Easter Island (Ref. 9710). Closely related to Anampses lineatus from the western Indian Ocean.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12. The primary phase of this species closely resembles that of A. meleagrides, but never has a uniformly yellow tail, and the color pattern does not change much with growth or sex (Ref. 1602). Recognized by the yellow bar on the base of the tail (Ref. 48636).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur in seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Also in deep coastal to outer reef slopes and drop-offs (Ref. 48636). Solitary or in pairs in the surge zone, rarely to 30 m (Ref. 9710). They swim in small groups, each with several females and a single dominant male (Ref. 48636). Feed on small crustaceans, mollusks and polychaetes. Bury in sand at night (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.3 - 29, mean 28 (based on 226 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .