Apareiodon gransabana  Starnes & Schindler, 1993

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Apareiodon gransabana
Apareiodon gransabana
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Parodontidae (Scrapetooths)
Etymology: Apareiodon: Greek, a = without + Greek, pareia, -as = cheek + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.9 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 18.   Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Orinoco River basin and the coastal basins of French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10296)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 39 - 41. It differs from all congeners by possessing two ventrolateral rows of dark spots aligned along the horizontal lines where first and second and second and third scale rows below lateral-line scale row overlap (one or both rows of spots coalesce into narrow zigzag stripes in most specimens, upper row occasionally poorly developed); by possessing patches of dark pigment extending along the anal fin base and on the ventral midline of the caudal peduncle to the caudal fin base. Another distinguishing feature is the insertion of the first pterygiophore of the dorsal fin after vertebra 13 or 14 vs. 10 to 12 (rarely 13) in other species (reflected in a mean predorsal distance exceeding 0.50 of SL in A. gransabana vs. less than 0.50 in other species); distinguished from all congeners except A. guyanensis by the usual presence of 5 (occasionally 6) teeth (not counting replacement teeth) on each premaxillary bone vs. 4 in other species. Teeth of A. gransabana are gently convex with about 10-12 cusps, whereas those of A. guyanensis are spade-shaped with a highly convex margin and about 14-15 cusps, further differing from all congeners by the presence of 10-11 vertical scale rows vs. usually 9. A. gransabana has a notably more laterally compressed, parallel-sided body than its characteristically terete congeners (body width/dorsal-fin origin to pelvic-fin insertion distance less than 0.60 vs. usually 0.70 or more); and the isthmus is approximately one-half as wide; the caudal peduncle is more constricted (least depth/dorsal origin to pelvic-fin base distance averages 0.43 versus 0.450-0.570 or more in other species with ranges rarely overlapping).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in small streams mostly less than 10 m width in rocky areas with moderate to strong current. Schools of 20-40 individuals were found to swim in strong current near the substratum with a head-downward orientation. In reaches with moderate current, these fish usually swam higher above the substratum, and with more horizontal body orientation. Attains at least 9.2 cm SL.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Pavanelli, Carla Simone | Collaborators

Starnes, W.C. and I. Schindler, 1993. Comments on the genus Apareiodon Eigenmann (Characiformes: Parodontidae) with the description of a new species from the Gran Sabana Region of eastern Venezuela. Copeia 1993(3):754-762. (Ref. 10296)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00348 - 0.03296), b=3.07 (2.81 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .