Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hypoptopoma: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, optoma, opsomai = to look at, to watch + Greek, poma = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: tributaries from the upper Río Amazonas in Ecuador and Peru, and central Río Amazonas, including the upper Rio Madeira basin, in Bolivia and Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36885)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished from all congeners except H. spectabile, by the pattern of abdominal plates, consisting of a pair of slender plates posterior to the coracoids followed by a series of 1-3 unpaired medial abdominal plates (vs. 2 or 3 series of abdominal plates); by having the posterior process of the coracoid strongly curved, its distal tip pointing dorsally (vs. posterior process smoothly curved and distal tip pointing posterodorsally); and by the absence of basipterygium fenestrae (vs. with basipterygium fenestrae). This species is distinguished from H. spectabile by the presence of thoracic plates; greater number of total lateral plates 21-22 (21) (vs. 20-22 (20)); greater number of dentary teeth, 21-37 (30) (vs. 20-31 (24)); greater dorsal interorbital distance with mean dorsal interorbital distance 63.5 (vs. 58.5); pelvic fin placed more posteriorly, mean pectoral-pelvic distance 15.5 (vs. 12.7); and longer pectoral fin, length reaching or surpassing the anal-fin origin, the mean pectoral-fin spine length 39.3 (vs. 29.8) (Ref. 84367).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schaefer, S.A., 1996. Nannoptopoma, a new genus of loricariid catfishes (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Amazon and Orinoco river basins. Copeia 1996(4):913-926. (Ref. 30778)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00228 - 0.01325), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .