Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Engyprosopon: Greek, eggys = nearly + Greek,prosopon = a face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 91 m (Ref. 9824). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to Maldives and Cargados Carajos; north to Taiwan, Philippines and the Coral Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9824)
soft rays: 58 - 63. Males with ocular flap on each eye, red-spotted, and with a smooth, indented or scalloped margin; with orbital spines and a rostral spine on ocular side; are darkly pigmented on blind side. Sexual dimorphism in 3 morphometric characters exists: interorbital width, length of pectoral and pelvic fins on ocular side. Gill rakers elongate. Ctenoid scales on ocular side, cycloid on blind side. 2nd pectoral fin ray of ocular side much longer than the rest.
Inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms, occasionally in vicinity of reefs (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Amaoka, K., E. Mihara and J. Rivaton, 1993. Pisces, Pleuronectiformes: Flatfishes from the waters around New Caledonia. - A revision of the genus Engyprosopon. p. 377-426. In A. Crosnier (ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 22. Mém. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. (158):377-426. (Ref. 9558)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 29.1, mean 27.3 (based on 436 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00452 - 0.02424), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .