Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37055)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 20;
Vertebrae: 32 - 34. Lacks infraorbital bone3; the relatively high counts of anal-fin ray (13-16) and ventral procurrent caudal fin ray count (14-17) for S. broccae relative to all other species of Spintherobolus appears autapomorphic for this species.
South America: Brazil in lowlands around and to the east and west of the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro and lowlands around Santos, São Paulo.
Inhabits dark-brown swamp waters. Appears to be found in somewhat acid waters in relatively lowland areas, in both swamps and slow moving streams, but only in areas where the streams remain unpolluted.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Weitzman, S.H. and L.R. Malabarba, 1999. Systematics of Spintherobolus (Teleostei: Characidae: Cheirodontinae) from eastern Brazil. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 10(1):1-43. (Ref. 32783)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00319 - 0.03132), b=3.01 (2.76 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .