Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Potamotrygonidae
Etymology: Potamotrygon: Greek, potamos = river + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335).
A widespread species that may require subdivision. Rosa (1985a) recognizes Potamotrygon dumerilli (Castelnau 1855) and Potamotrygon humerosus Garman 1913 as distinct species, but evidence given is meager. Larger specimens may weigh close to five kg. Reproductive biology studied by Lasso et al. (1997a) in Venezuela; males achieve sexual maturity at 23 cm DL and females at 18.5 cm DL, and females give birth to up to two pups during any time of year. Food consists of fishes, insects and crustaceans. Additional references: Bertin (1939), Sérét & McEachran (1986), Compagno & Cook (1995), Planquette et al. (1996).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.5. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 27749); 32.5 cm WD (female); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 27749); max. published weight: 1.4 kg
South America: Widespread in Amazon and Orinoco River basins and in river systems in Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana.
Occurs in stream swamps, floodplain lakes and artificial lagoons. Feeds mainly on insects and benthic crustaceans (Ref. 27749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lasso, C.A., A. Rial B. and O. Lasso-Alcalá., 1997. Notes on the biology of the freshwater stingrays Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841) and Potamotrygon orbignyi (Castelnau, 1855) (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae) in the Venezuelan Llanos. Aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):39-52. (Ref. 27749)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Assuming Fec <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .