Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zenionidae
Etymology: Zenion: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life .
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 180 - 700 m (Ref. 74511). Deep-water; 44°N - 28°S, 98°W - 94°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania and off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique. Western Central Pacific (Ref. 40499). Southeast Pacific: Nazca and Sala-y-Gomez (Ref. 50546). Western Atlantic: Antilles and Venezuela (Ref. 26340). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Eastern Atlantic. South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Found over mud or sand-mud bottom (Ref. 26999). Reported to up to 700m depth (Ref. 89996).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Zeniontidae. p. 441. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4256)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5703 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .