Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hypoptopoma: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, optoma, opsomai = to look at, to watch + Greek, poma = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36885)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished from its congeners except H. sternoptychum, by the pattern of abdominal plates, consisting of a pair of slender plates posterior to the coracoids followed by a series of 1-3 unpaired medial abdominal plates (vs. 2-3 series of abdominal plates), by having the posterior process of the coracoids strongly curved, the distal tip pointing dorsally (vs. posterior process smoothly curved, with distal tip pointing posterodorsally), and by the absence of basipterygium fenestrae (vs. with basipterygium fenestrae). It is distinguished from H. sternoptychum by the absence of thoracic plates and fewer total lateral plates 20-22 (20) (vs. 21-22 (21)), fewer dentary teeth 20-31 (24) (vs. 21-37 (30)), narrow dorsal interorbital distance with mean dorsal interorbital distance of 58.5 (vs. 63.5), pelvic fin placed more anteriorly and mean abdominal length 12.7 (vs. 15.5), shorter pectoral fin; length not reaching anal-fin origin with mean pectoral-fin spine length 29.8 (vs. 39.3), and by the absence of marginal odontodes (vs. marginal odontodes present in adults longer of 35 mm SL) (Ref. 84367).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. (Ref. 58032)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00228 - 0.01325), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .