Scardinius acarnanicus  Economidis, 1991

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Scardinius acarnanicus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 39°N - 38°N, 21°E - 22°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Lower Acheloos drainage including lakes in Greece.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 14 - 18 cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58504); 33.0 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 58506)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

The following unique characters distinguished this species from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula: a dark midlateral stripe in juveniles less than about 7 cm SL and 37- 42 + 2-3 scales along the lateral line. Can be further separated from other species of the genus in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: anal fin usually with 10½ branched rays; 13-16 pectoral rays; 12-17 gill rakers; dorsal head profile conspicuously concave, snout pointing upward, tip above level of middle of eye; eye close to or flush with dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; articulation of lower jaw in front of eye margin; and head length 24-30% SL (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes and large rivers. Early larvae and juveniles often form large schools and frequently in association with Tropidophoxinellus hellenicus. Juveniles feed on phytoplankton while adults on macrophytes. Spawns in March-July. Lays adhesive eggs on vegetation which hatch in 5 days (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00674 - 0.00854), b=3.14 (3.11 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=11; K=0.11-0.16).
Prior r = 0.44, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.92, log(r) = -0.82, SD log(r) = 0.37, Based on: 8 K, 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 6 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .