Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).
This species was usually referred to as a subspecies of Sarda chiliensis Cuvier, 1832. Until further work, it is elevated here at species rank following Clemens & Wilby (1961: Ref. 4925).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 61°N - 20°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 11.3 kg (Ref. 168)
Northeast Pacific: Off the coast of Alaska (60°16'N, 145°32'W) to Cabo San Lucas at the tip of Baja California (22°20'N, 112°27'W) and Revillagigedo Islands.
An inshore species that forms schools by size (Ref. 168). Feeds on a variety of small schooling fishes, squids and shrimps (Ref. 168). An important food fish (Ref. 4925).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McAllister, D.E., 1990. A list of the fishes of Canada. Syllogeus No. 64. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ottawa, Canada. 310 p. (Ref. 11980)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .