Pomadasys jubelini  (Cuvier, 1830)

Sompat grunt
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 57395), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 2683).   Tropical; 20°C - ? (Ref. 2799); 20°N - 22°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57395); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3660)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9; Vertebrae: 27. Diagnosis: body oblong and compressed, not very deep; snout short and pointed, distinctly longer than eye diameter; 2 anterior pores on chin, followed by a median pit bearing openings of another pair of pores; a deep groove and a pore above maxilla, below the preorbital bone; second anal fin spine longer and stouter than third; caudal fin slightly forked; scales slightly ctenoid; 4-5 scale rows between lateral line and middle of spinous dorsal-fin base; swim bladder simple, without anterior horns (Ref. 57395). Coloration: silvery, with round, dark brown and irregularly scattered spots following scale rows on back and sides; dorsal and caudal fins grey; a dark spot at angle of opercle (Ref. 57395).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Mauritania (Ref. 7376, 57395) to southern Angola (Ref. 2799, 57395).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit sandy and muddy bottoms of coastal waters and estuaries (Ref. 2683). Sometimes found in freshwater (Ref. 2135, 57395). Feeds on fish and benthic crustaceans (Ref. 28587) as well as on mollusks and worms (Ref. 27121). Breeds in brackish water lagoons and estuaries, and even freshwaters (Ref. 57395).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L., 2003. Haemulidae. p. 495-503 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57395)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00821 - 0.01930), b=2.94 (2.82 - 3.06), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.