Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); nigrocinctus: From the Latin niger and cinctus, meaning 'black' and 'belt' (Ref. 27436). More on author: Ayres.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 275 m (Ref. 27436). Temperate; 60°N - 35°N, 150°W - 120°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 2.2 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 116 years (Ref. 39247)
soft rays: 6 - 7. Head spines strong - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic, coronal, parietal and nuchal spines present (Ref. 27437). Strongly concave between eyes; parietal ridges very thick and coarse (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 6885). Light pink to red with 5 or 6 black or dark red bars on body; 2 dark bars radiating from each eye (Ref. 27437).
Eastern Pacific: Cape Resurrection, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska to Point Buchon, central California, USA.
Inhabit rocky reefs, mainly at depths greater than 10 m (Ref. 27436). Solitary and territorial, defending a home crevice among rocks (Ref. 2850). Juveniles pelagic (Ref. 27436). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Quickly changes color when disturbed or when there is a change in lighting (Ref. 6885). Caught infrequently and incidentally marketed as rockfish (Ref. 27436). Flesh firm and tasty (Ref. 27436).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=116).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .