Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks) > Xiphisterinae
Etymology: Cebidichthys: Latin, cebus, cebi, derived from caput- itis= head + Greek, ichthys = fish; violaceus: Cebidichthys comes from 2 Greek words: sapajou (a kind of monkey) and fish (hence, monkey fish); violaceus is Latin for violet (Ref. 43439).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory (Ref. 43439); depth range 0 - 24 m (Ref. 51666), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 43439). Subtropical, preferred ?; 46°N - 27°N, 126°W - 114°W
Eastern Pacific: southern Oregon, USA to northern central Baja California, Mexico; rare south of Point Conception, California, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 45.72 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 18 years (Ref. 43439)
Common inshore, in tide pools or shallow rocky areas, from the intertidal zone to 24 m depth. May remain out of water under rocks or seaweed (Ref. 31184). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and algae. Breathes air (Ref. 31184) and can remain out of water for 15-35 hours if kept moist (Ref. 51276). Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Commonly caught by 'poke-poling', a method using a long bamboo pole with a very short wire leader and baited hook. Good eating.
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Nests in crevices (Ref. 205). A parent coils about the eggs (Ref. 205).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=4; tmax=18; Fec = 18,000).
Prior r = 0.41, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.72, log(r) = -0.89, SD log(r) = 0.28, Based on: 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .