Paralabrax humeralis  (Valenciennes, 1828)

Peruvian rock seabass
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Paralabrax humeralis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paralabrax humeralis (Peruvian rock seabass)
Paralabrax humeralis
Female picture by Wolfe, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Paralabrax: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, labrax, -akos = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 60 - 180 m (Ref. 5530).   Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 34°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

East Pacific: Costa Rica, Colombia to extreme south of Chile. Records from Juan Fernández Is. are incidental (Ref. 89357). Records from Baja California, Mexico, Nicaragua and the Galapagos Islands are doubtful.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 26.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53696); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 53696)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in schools (Ref. 5530). Known from a temperature range of 14-16 °C (Ref. 9098). Also caught with trammel nets (Ref. 9342). An appreciated food fish in Peru (Ref. 9342).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Also Ref. 103751.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Serranidae. Meros, serranos, guasetas, enjambres, baquetas, indios, loros, gallinas, cabrillas, garropas. p. 1565-1613. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9342)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.