Ostichthys trachypoma  (Günther, 1859)

Bigeye soldierfish
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Ostichthys trachypoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ostichthys trachypoma (Bigeye soldierfish)
Ostichthys trachypoma
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Ostichthys: Greek,osteon = bone + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 37 - 550 m (Ref. 114923).   Tropical; 44°N - 29°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: from New York south along the U.S. coast and widely in the Bahamas; including eastern Gulf of Mexico from Louisiana to the Florida Keys and northwestern Cuba. Throughout the Caribbean except the northwest quadrant in Yucatan and the Bay of Honduras and the Lesser Antilles; including south to Maceió, Alagoas State, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: 2½ scale rows above lateral line to midbase of spinous portion of dorsal fin; origin of anal fin is beneath spinous portion of dorsal fin; upper procurrent spiniform caudal-fin rays 4, lower rays 3; a half scale anterior to upper half of first lateral-line scale; dorsal profile of head moderately convex; pectoral-fin rays 14–16 (usually 15); lateral-line scales 28–30 (usually 29); gill rakers 8–11 + 14–17; last dorsal-fin spine is longer than penultimate spine and closely applied to soft portion of fin; snout short, 4.6–5.6 in HL; body depth 2.0–2.2 in SL; head length 2.3–2.5 in SL; least depth of caudal peduncle 4.0–4.5 in HL; colour when fresh reddish to silvery ventrally, with red stripes along the body following scale rows and usually narrower than the silvery intervening stripes; juveniles mostly silvery with red stripes limited to upper back (Ref. 114923).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Greenfield, D.W., J.E. Randall and P.N. Psomadakis, 2017. A review of the soldierfish genus Ostichthys (Beryciformes: Holocentridae), with descriptions of two new species in Myanmar. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 26:1-33. (Ref. 114923)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 23.8, mean 19.1 (based on 146 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00686 - 0.04609), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .