Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Siluridae
Etymology: Silurus: Greek, silouros = a cat fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory. Temperate; 5°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614); 54°N - 44°N, 126°E - 141°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 90 - 100 cm
Max length : 400 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); max. published weight: 40.0 kg (Ref. 1441); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 56557)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 83 - 90. Head large and depressed; snout blunt and rounded; mouth large, upper jaw shorter than lower one and reaching backward over hind margin of eyes; maxillary barbels 1 pair reaching pectoral fin; chin barbels 2 pairs.
Asia: Amur basin.
Threatened due to over harvesting, habitat loss and pollution (Ref. 58490).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. :89 p. (Ref. 13397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00228 - 0.01003), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10; tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .