Lavinia exilicauda  Baird & Girard, 1854

Hitch
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Lavinia exilicauda
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Lavinia: Lavinia, -ae, Latin = daughter of king Latino, married with Aeneas; mythology.   More on author: Baird, Girard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 41°N - 36°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Sacramento-San Joaquin, Clear Lake, Russian River, and Pajaro-Salinas river drainages in California, USA. Three subspecies were previously recognized: Lavinia exilicauda chi in Clear Lake; Lavinia exilicauda harengus in Pajaro and Salinar River; and Lavinia exilicauda exilicauda in rest of the range.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 72462)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Body deep and compressed; caudal peduncle tapering to narrow; caudal fin large; lateral line strongly decurved; head small, compressed, mouth terminal (slightly upturned); dorsal-fin origin behind pelvic-fin origin; scales on lateral line 54-62; dorsal fin with 10-13 rays; anal fin with 11-13 rays; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-4,0 or 0,5-5,0; brown-yellow above, scales on back and silver side darkly outlined (crosshatched pattern on small individuals); fins dusky; and small specimens with black caudal spot (Ref. 86798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in lakes, ponds, sloughs, backwaters and sluggish sandy pools of small to large rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .