Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.6 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
South America: northern Cubatão River in Santa Catarina and upper Paraná River basin in Brazil (Ref. 36801). Reported from Argentina (Ref. 51923).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114987); common length : 25.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56003); max. published weight: 433.00 g (Ref. 114987)
Adults feed on plants (Ref. 2060). Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm. (Ref. 598)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00709 - 0.01546), b=3.12 (3.00 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .