Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Paraneetroplus: Greek, para = near + Greek, etrapelos = stiff; refered to the stiff anal fins rays characteristic of these fishes (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - ? ; dH range: 10 - 20; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 7335)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
North America: Atlantic slope, from the Papaloapán River to the Chachalacas River basin in Mexico.
Inhabits lakes, preferring mesotrophic waters with a mud or sand bottom. Some populations have migrated into the lower river valleys with slow to moderate flowing waters. Feeds mainly on plant and vegetable matter supplemented by invertebrates and aquatic insects.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Breeding pairs lay eggs on wood, rock or in the sand.
Conkel, D., 1993. Cichlids of North and Central America. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., USA. (Ref. 7335)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01014 - 0.06222), b=3.04 (2.83 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.27 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .